Wikipedia description of Gelbvieh:
Gelbvieh (Ger. "Yellow cattle") is a dual-purpose, medium-frame cattle breed originating in Bavaria, Germany around the end of the 18th century. The breed is known as the "German Yellow" and "Einfarbiges gelbes Hohenvieh." In spite of the name, the breed is a honey gold to red color, but due to crossbreeding with Angus cattle, a good portion of Gelbvieh cattle are now black. It was partly derived from the Schwyz and Bernese breeds of Swiss cattle. Selection was based on quality of meat, milk production, and strength of the draft animal. This dual purpose breed was imported to the United States in the early 1970's by Leness Hall of Carnation Genetics to help improve the growth, muscling, and milking ability of American cattle.
This breed has been introduced to Australia, Canada, South Africa, and the United States, primarily by artificial insemination.
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